On March 7, 1953, Watson and Crick determined the structure of DNA and on April 25, 1953, their paper, "A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" was published in Nature. In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins received the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Wilkins worked closely with Rosalind Franklin who died in 1958 of cancer. (The Nobel Prize is not given posthumously.) Then in 1965, the French biologists, Francois Jacob and Jacques Monrod received the Nobel Prize for their part in determining how protein synthesis works. For the better part of the last century, DNA research has been active! And the mysteries continue to be unraveled in laboratories all over the world.